Vaginoplasty Risks & Precautions

Like any surgical procedure, vaginoplasty carries a number of risks that must be understood prior to undergoing any vaginal tightening procedure. The most common risks are complications associated with anaesthesia, bleeding, scarring, and infection. It is important that you discuss pre-existing medical conditions, as well as any medications you are taking, with your surgeon at your initial consultation.

Clinic 360 devotes substantial time to each patient, providing the attention to detail and reliable service patients expect of a premier cosmetic surgery clinic. Patients are encouraged to contact the clinic with any concerns before and after vaginoplasty. Extensive follow-up routines are designed with the safety and comfort of patients in mind, ensuring that recovery takes place smoothly and that patient satisfaction remains a top priority.

Vaginoplasty Risks & Precautions

potential risks

General Anaesthesia

Your surgeon or anesthesiologist will recommend the best type of anaesthesia for your particular procedure. While some vaginal tightening procedures can be performed under local anaesthesia, which carries minimal risk of complications, your surgeon may recommend general anaesthesia, which carries slightly more risk, and therefore requires the presence of a board-certified anesthesiologist.

It is important that you inform your surgeon of any drugs, medications, or contraindicated foods you may have taken prior to your surgery. Some patients may experience adverse side effects related to anaesthesia, such as allergic reaction. While your anesthesiologist is fully trained to handle such situations, it is crucial to inform your surgeon of any potential allergies, suspected or otherwise. While they can be serious, complications arising from anaesthesia are rare, and your anesthesiologist is trained to handle this.


Patients are advised to refrain from smoking before and after surgery, as certain chemicals in cigarettes alter the way that blood carries oxygen and can result in complications with healing post surgery. Similarly, certain drugs and herbal supplements, such as ginseng, garlic, gingko biloba, Vitamin E, and St. John’s Wort can interfere with anaesthesia, and should be avoided for at least a week prior to surgery.

Taking Certain Medications & Herbal Supplements

Bleeding is another potential risk of any surgical procedure, including vaginoplasty. Certain medications and herbal supplements, such as Aspirin and some anti-inflammatories can prevent blood from clotting properly, as can foods such as garlic and alcohol. These should be avoided for at least two weeks prior to surgery, as well as after surgery, as they may also worsen bruising. If pain medication is necessary for any reason, acetaminophen (Tylenol) is recommended, as it does not interfere with blood’s ability to clot. After surgery, it is possible that stitches may be torn out, which could also pose a bleeding risk and subject the incisions to infection. It is therefore important to avoid partaking in any strenuous activity, and to avoid bending and stretching as much as possible until all sutures have healed. In rare cases, injury to deep layers of vaginal tissue may occur if internal stitches are dislodged, and additional corrective surgery may be required.


Because vaginal tightening surgery involves making incisions, scarring is a potential risk. However, most scarring will be minimal and limited to discrete areas, such as the inside of the vagina. Specialized laser techniques greatly reduce the risks of both bleeding, scarring, and infection by cauterizing tissue as incisions are made. The process of cauterization essentially sterilizes and seals incisions with heat. In rare cases, the formation of excess scar tissue can result in a loss of sensitivity in the vaginal area.


Infection is another risk present in any surgical procedure. Your vaginoplasty will be performed in a clean, sterile environment according to strict infection-sensitive guidelines, making the risk of infection minimal. Your surgeon may prescribe an oral or topical antibiotic in order to ward off any post-surgical infection. Loose-fitting clothing is recommended, as is wearing a light sanitary napkin. Contact the clinic immediately if you experience any serious symptoms, such as severe or sudden pain, bleeding, shortness of breath or chest tightness, fever, foul discharge, or other signs of infection.

Risk of Injury to the Surrounding Organs

Because vaginal tightening procedures target sensitive and delicate areas, there is a risk of injury to the bladder, rectum, and surrounding organs, as well as a risk of nerve damage. Rest assured that these risks are exceptionally rare, and that you are in the hands of qualified gynaecological specialists with extensive experience in vaginal tightening surgeries.

What to Expect After Surgery

It is important to maintain realistic expectations following vaginoplasty. Healing may take longer than normal, and your surgeon will arrange a number of follow-up visits in order to monitor your progress. Mild to moderate pain, swelling, bruising, and tenderness are to be expected for the first few days. Your surgeon may prescribe pain medication and recommend the application of cold compresses or ice packs to the surgical area. It is important to discuss with your consulting physician in detail the level of vaginal tightness desired prior to surgery. It is also important to be aware that undergoing vaginal tightening surgery does not guarantee sexual satisfaction, which is a highly subjective and complex mechanism that is reliant on a number of factors.

Book a Consult!

Patient safety and comfort is of paramount importance to Clinic 360, and every measure is taken to ensure that any risks are minimized or eliminated altogether. Thorough consultations are provided to each patient, where detailed medical records are documented and any concerns are addressed prior to any vaginal tightening procedure. Only specialized gynaecological surgeons who are highly qualified and experienced in vaginal cosmetic procedures have been carefully selected to work at the clinic. Medical facilities are modern, clean and comfortable, and every precaution is taken to ensure a sterile operating environment, including storing all medications according to strict guidelines. Many procedures are performed using state-of-the-art laser technology, which minimizes the surgical contact inherent to traditional surgical methods, greatly reducing the risk of bleeding, scarring, and infection.

Vaginoplasty Risks FAQ