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Informed Consent for Gastric Sleeve Surgery

  • PATIENT INFORMATION

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    This informed-consent document has been prepared to help inform you about your Sleeve Gastrectomy including the risks and benefits, as well as alternative treatments.
    It is important that you read this information carefully and understand it completely. Please ask your surgeon or the staff any questions you may have. Initial each page, indicating that you have read and understand the information on that page. You should also carefully review the pamphlet(s) given to you after your first consultation.

    INTRODUCTION
    I affirm that I am overweight and have attempted non-surgical weight loss programs without permanent success. I recognize that the preponderance of medical literature states that obesity increases the risk of multiple medical problems including diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease and even premature death. I understand that Sleeve Gastrectomy is a surgical aid in weight reduction and can improve or induce remission in a number of these conditions, if they are present. Weight reduction may prevent the onset of these conditions. However, there are no specific guarantees that any of these conditions will improve in a given patient, including myself.
    I understand that Sleeve Gastrectomy is a surgical procedure to restrict caloric intake by inducing a sense of satiety with a smaller portion of food. Therefore, I understand that Sleeve Gastrectomy is a surgical treatment for being overweight.

    ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS
    I am aware that there are non-surgical alternatives to Sleeve Gastrectomy to achieve weight loss and that these options generally consist of diet and exercise programs, as well as prescribed weight loss medications. I acknowledge that these may serve as a valuable and necessary adjunctive therapy in the overall reduction of excess weight.

    I acknowledge that it has been explained to me that surgery can result in unpredictable events and unpredictable complications can occur.
    I acknowledge and understand that while many patients never have a complication, every surgical procedure involves a certain amount of risk. It has been explained to me that it is important that I understand the risks involved with Sleeve Gastrectomy. My choice to undergo any surgical procedure is based upon my assessment of the risks relative to the potential benefits. I acknowledge that I have had the opportunity to discuss with my surgeon each of the complications referred to below, and that I understand all of the material consequences of Sleeve Gastrectomy. I am aware that if I have further questions about my surgery or any possible complication, I should discuss them with my surgeon prior to surgery.
    Each of the following potential complications has been explained to me and I understand and accept the risk of each of them. I have had the opportunity to ask questions and have my questions answered. Where the potential complication could give rise to the requirement for unanticipated but necessary treatment during surgery, as described below, I consent to such treatment.

    MATERIAL RISKS OF SURGERY
    Bleeding: It is possible, though unusual, to experience a bleeding episode during or after surgery. Should postoperative bleeding occur, it may require emergency treatment to stop the bleeding which may involve making a larger incision in the abdomen (open procedure) or blood transfusion.
    Conversion to Open Surgery at Surgeon’s Discretion: It may be necessary to complete the Sleeve Gastrectomy procedure by making a larger incision in the abdomen. Experience shows that this occurs in less than 0.5% of procedures. This may occur if anatomical or other considerations preclude the safe conclusion of my operation using the laparoscopic approach. Other possible conditions that may lead to conversion to open surgery include bleeding, extremely large liver size, extreme amounts of fat around the stomach or equipment malfunction. It is also possible that anatomical or other considerations preclude the completion of the Sleeve Gastrectomy procedure, under any condition. In this rare situation, other options will be discussed with the patient postoperatively.
    Possible Unexpected Medically Necessary Procedures: Other procedures may be necessary at the discretion of the surgeon during the Sleeve Gastrectomy procedure. These may include, but are not limited to, liver biopsy if an abnormal or abnormally enlarged liver is identified. The least intrusive measures will be undertaken in these circumstances until express patient consent can be obtained.
    Admission to hospital: If there are unanticipated difficulties with the surgical procedure, anaesthesia or postoperative recovery, it may be necessary to admit the patient to hospital. If this becomes necessary it will be arranged by the surgeon who will manage the in-hospital care.
    Death: The death rate with Sleeve Gastrectomy worldwide is approximately 1 in 5000 procedures. Although Sleeve Gastrectomy is considered to be a minimally invasive surgical procedure, complications are still possible which may, in very rare cases, be fatal.
    Esophageal or Stomach Injury: These are rare complications. Injury to the esophagus or stomach can be a very serious complication. It may require prolonged hospital stay, further surgery, antibiotics and very rarely death.
    Infection: Infection is rare after this type of surgery. Should infection occur, treatment, including antibiotics or additional surgery, may be necessary.
    Skin scarring: Excessive scarring is uncommon, but all surgery leaves permanent scars. Sleeve Gastrectomy leaves a small number of scars on the abdominal wall. In rare cases, abnormal scarring may occur.
    Anaesthesia: General anaesthesia involves risks. Patients who have any specific concerns about the risk of general anaesthesia have been advised they should contact the clinic or the surgeon to discuss these concerns with the assistance of an anaesthesia specialist. However, there is the possibility of complications, injury, and even death from all forms of surgical anaesthesia.
    Smokers: Smokers have a greater risk of wound healing complications.
    Allergic reactions: In rare cases, local allergies to tape, suture materials, or topical preparations have been reported. Systemic reactions, which are more serious, may occur to drugs used during surgery and prescription medicines. Allergic reactions may require additional treatment, including possible hospitalization.
    Deep Venous Thrombosis / Pulmonary (lung) complications: Pulmonary complications (pulmonary emboli) may occur, secondary to both blood clots (deep venous thrombosis) and partial collapse of the lungs after general anesthesia. Should either of these complications occur, hospitalization and additional treatment may be required. Pulmonary emboli are rare, but can be life-threatening or fatal in some circumstances.
    Pain: Chronic pain may occur very infrequently from nerves becoming trapped in scar tissue after Sleeve Gastrectomy.
    Complications: I acknowledge that it is not possible to list every complication possible during and after this procedure. By signing this consent, I agree that I have been informed of the risks and complications associated with the treatment that are significant in making a decision as to whether or not I should proceed with the surgery. I have also been informed of more serious risks, even if they are less likely to occur.
    I acknowledge and agree that I have been given the opportunity to ask questions regarding potential complications and other questions of concern to me and/or to my family relating to the surgery and my questions have been answered to my satisfaction.

  • Informed-consent documents are used to communicate information about the proposed surgical treatment of a disease or condition, along with the disclosure of risks and alternative forms of treatment(s).
    The informed consent process attempts to define principles of risk disclosure that should generally meet the needs of most patients in most circumstances.
    However, informed consent documents should be considered all inclusive.
    Your surgeon may provide you with additional or different information which is based on all the facts in your particular case and the state of medical knowledge and this should be considered as part of the “informed consent process”.

    • 1. I have received and carefully reviewed the information which has provided to me with information on Sleeve Gastrectomy, alternative treatments available, risks and complications, possible need for additional surgery, the expected results and all material information. I have also had an opportunity to ask questions about the procedure and all my questions have been satisfactorily answered.
    • 2. After carefully reviewing all information and discussing the procedure with my surgeon, I have decided that Sleeve Gastrectomy is the best option for me.
    • 3. I recognize that during the course of the operation and medical treatment or anesthesia, unforeseen conditions may necessitate different procedures than those described. I therefore authorize the above physician and assistants or designees to perform such other procedures that are, in the exercise of his or her professional judgment, necessary and desirable. The authority granted under this paragraph shall include all conditions that require immediate treatment and are not known to my physician at the time the procedure is commenced.
    • 4. I consent to the administration of such anesthetics considered necessary or advisable. I understand that all forms of anesthesia involve risk and there is a possibility of complications and injury, including heart failure, stroke or even death, for example.
    • 5. I acknowledge that no guarantee has been given by anyone as to the results of surgery that may be obtained.
    • 6. For purposes of advancing medical education, I consent to the admittance of observers to the operating room.
    • 7. I consent to the disposal of any tissue, medical devices or body parts which may be removed.
    • 8. I have arranged for a responsible adult, who knows what I am having done, to pick me up and to stay and watch over me for 4 days following discharge.
    • 9. OVERALL, IT HAS BEEN EXPLAINED TO ME (IN A WAY THAT I UNDERSTAND):
      • i. The above treatment or procedure to be undertaken;
      • ii. That there may be alternative procedures or methods of treatment, which I have declined;
      • iii. There are risks and complications to the procedure or treatment proposed.

    Clinic 360 complies with all Provincial Personal Health Information Privacy Policies.
    Protecting personal information is not a new concept and we at the Clinic 360 make it a priority. We maintain a high level of confidentiality by restricting access to all personal information, providing locked facilities, alarm systems, password protection, and technological “firewalls” in order to maintain appropriate security for this information. In order, to provide you with quality healthcare, however, it is important that you understand that we need to gather, keep, and communicate your personal health information within and between various individuals in your healthcare team.
    Your healthcare information which is shared within the various individuals in your healthcare team, includes but is not limited to:
    summary of medical history, medication history, relevant investigation reports, consult notes and immunization history and maybe communicated between one another and with you via various mediums including but not limited phone, fax, e-mail and Skype.

    From time to time, physicians within the CLINIC 360 become involved with clinical research projects and marketing initiatives which allow them to analyze the services, successes and results of the various treatments offered at the clinic. These projects may include clinical trials which may be submitted for publication to medical journals, as well as marketing and market research projects which are not published, but may help the Centre and/or its affiliated business partners, to continuously improve the service offerings and products extended to their patients.

    In order, to conduct these initiatives, the physicians, members of their staff, or a representative from an outside agency who has specifically been authorized by your physician, may require access to information in your medical charts and/or permission to contact you for additional follow-up information, as it relates to your treatment. Your personal information will not be released or be made public in any way.

    Your consent or your refusal to participate in these initiatives and to grant your consent for us to use your personal health information, will not affect or influence your ongoing treatment through the CLINIC 360.

    If you have any questions concerning this research, please feel free to contact the CLINIC 360 at any time.

    I hereby authorize the CLINIC 360, or external parties who have been expressly authorized access by the physicians employed by the CLINIC 360 , to access information in my medical charts and use the data for clinical research and/or marketing purposes, as required, and as described and consented above.

    FOLLOW-UP PROGRAM AT CLINIC 360
    I understand that the follow-up program at CLINIC 360 includes counseling, participating in educational webinars and all visits with the staff employed by the CLINIC 360. These services are included in the program for a period of five (5) years from the date of surgery. Currently, the costs of any complications of the Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy are covered by provincial health insurance plan and there is no further cost to the patient if care is necessary for complications or adverse events. This is the current policy of provincial health plans and may be subject to policy change in the future, at which point there may be further costs if revision surgery is necessary.

    RESULTS OF SLEEVE GASTRECTOMY
    I acknowledge that I have been advised that a critical element in the success of the Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy is my compliance in modifying both lifestyle and eating patterns. I accept that if a patient is not willing to comply with the recommended dietary and exercise recommendations, it is likely that the results will be disappointing and weight loss will be lower than anticipated. The potential results for my particular situation have been discussed with me during the consultation. I have, however, been advised that exact results are not predictable. I have had the opportunity to discuss any specific concerns or questions I have about the anticipated results with my surgeon prior to my surgery and I have had my questions satisfactorily answered.
    I understand and accept that the practice of medicine and surgery is not an exact science. There is no guarantee or warranty expressed or implied, on the results that may be obtained and I have voluntarily accepted these conditions.

    From time to time, physicians within the CLINIC 360 become involved with clinical research projects and marketing initiatives which allow them to analyze the services, successes and results of the various treatments offered at the clinic. These projects may include clinical trials which may be submitted for publication to medical journals, as well as marketing and market research projects which are not published, but may help the Centre and/or its affiliated business partners, to continuously improve the service offerings and products extended to their patients.

    In order, to conduct these initiatives, the physicians, members of their staff, or a representative from an outside agency who has specifically been authorized by your physician, may require access to information in your medical charts and/or permission to contact you for additional follow-up information, as it relates to your treatment. Your personal information will not be released or be made public in any way.

    Your consent or your refusal to participate in these initiatives and to grant your consent for us to use your personal health information, will not affect or influence your ongoing treatment through the CLINIC 360.

    If you have any questions concerning this research, please feel free to contact the CLINIC 360 at any time.

  • PHOTOGRAPH / VIDEO CONSENT FORM

    How many before and after photos did you look at before you decided to undergo surgery?

    We are certain you found them to be very informative ☺.

    Please help others find their body type and desired results by allowing us to show your photos.

    We promise that any photos or videos taken will be done in a tasteful manor and any identifiable marks (moles, tattoos, face, etc.) will be covered at reasonable attempts.

    In connection with medical services which I am receiving from my surgeon and Clinic 360, I consent that photographs/videos may be taken of me or parts of my body pre-operation, intra-operation, post-operation under the following conditions:

    • • The photographs/videos may be taken only with consent of the surgeon
    • • The photographs shall be used for medical records and if, in the judgment of the surgeon, medical research, education or science will be benefited by their use, such as photographs/videos and information relating to my case may be published and republished, either separately or in connection with each other, in professional journals or medical books, or used for any other purpose which he may deem proper in the interest of medical education, knowledge or research, provided however, that it is specifically understood that in any such publication or use, I shall not be identified by name.
    • • I may retract this consent by written signature.
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